Author Guidelines

Original manuscript and all correspondence should be addressed to the Editor-In-Chief:

Professor A.L. Toriola 
Department of Sport, Rehabilitation and Dental Sciences, Tshwane University of Technology
P. Bag X680, Pretoria 0001,
Republic of South Africa
Tel: +27 12 3825806 
Fax: +27 12 3825801 
E-mail: abel.toriola2015@gmail.com 

Articles should be submitted electronically, i.e. via e-mail attachment. However, the corresponding author should ensure that such articles are virus free. AJPHES reviewing process normally takes 4-6 weeks and authors will be advised about the decision on submitted manuscripts within 60 days. In order to ensure anonymity during the reviewing process authors are requested to avoid self-referencing or keep it to the barest minimum.

PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPT
Manuscripts should be type written in fluent English (using 12-point Times New Roman font and 1½ line-spacing) on one side of whiteA4-sized paper justified fully with 3cm margin on all sides. In preparing manuscripts, MS-Word, Office 2007 for Windows should be used. Length of manuscripts should not normally exceed 12 printed pages (including tables, figures, references, etc.). For articles exceeding 12 typed pages US$ 10.0 is charged per every extra page. Authors will be requested to pay a publication fee to defray the very high cost of publication. The pages of manuscripts must be numbered sequentially beginning with the title page. The presentation format should be consistent with the guidelines in the publication format of the American Psychological Association (APA) (6th edition).

Title page:
The title page of the manuscript should contain the following information:
Concise and informative title.
Author(s’) name(s) with first and middle initials. Authors’ highest qualifications and main area of research specialisation should be provided.
Author(s’) institutional addresses, including telephone and fax numbers.
Corresponding author’s contact details, including e-mail address.
A short running title of not more than 6 words.

Abstract
An abstract of 200-250 words is required with up to a maximum of 5 keywords provided below the abstract. Abstract must be typed on a separate page using single line spacing, with the purpose of the study, methods, major results and conclusions concisely presented. Abbreviations should either be defined or excluded.

Text
Text should carry the following designated headings also using single line spacing: Introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, acknowledgement, references and appendices (if appropriate).

Introduction
The introduction should start on a new page and in addition to comprehensively giving the background of the study it should clearly state the problem and purpose of the study. Authors should cite relevant references to support the basis of the study. A concise but informative and critical literature review is required.

Methods
This section should provide sufficient and relevant information regarding study participants, ethics/informed consent, instrumentation, research design, validity and reliability estimates, data collection procedures, statistical methods and data analysis techniques used. Qualitative research techniques are also acceptable.

Results
Findings should be presented precisely and clearly. Tables and figures must be presented separately or at the end of the manuscript and their appropriate locations in the text indicated. The results section should not contain materials that are appropriate for presentation under the discussion section. Formulas, units and quantities should be expressed in the systeme internationale (SI) units. Colour printing of figures and tables is expensive and could be done upon request at authors’ expense.

Discussion
The discussion section should reflect only important aspects of the study and its major conclusions. Information presented in the results section should not be repeated under the discussion. Relevant references should be cited in order to justify the findings of the study. Overall, the discussion should be critical and tactfully written.

References
The American Psychological Association (APA) format should be used for referencing. Only references cited in the text should be alphabetically listed in the reference section at the end of the article. References should not be numbered either in the text or in the reference list.

Authors are advised to consider the following examples in referencing:

Examples of citations in body of the text:-

For one or two authors; Kruger (2003) and Travill and Lloyd (1998). These references should be cited as follows when indicated at the end of a statement: (Kruger, 2003); (Travill & Lloyd, 1998).

For three or more authors cited for the first time in the text; Monyeki, Brits, Mantsena and Toriola (2002) or when cited at the end of a statement as in the preceding example; (Monyeki, Brits, Mantsena & Toriola, 2002). For subsequent citations of the same reference it suffices to cite this particular reference as: Monyeki et al. (2002).

Multiple references when cited in the body of the text should be listed chronologically in ascending order, i.e. starting with the oldest reference. These should be separated with semi colons. For example, (Tom, 1982; McDaniels & Jooste, 1990; van Heerden, 2001; de Ridder at al., 2003).

References
In compiling the reference list at the end of the text the following examples for journal references, chapter from a book, book publication and electronic citations should be considered:

Examples of journal references:

Journal references should include the surname and initials of the author(s), year of publication, title of paper, name of the journal in which the paper has been published, volume and number of journal issue and page numbers.

For one author: McDonald, A.K. (1999). Youth sports in Africa: A review of programmes in selected countries. International Journal of Youth Sports, 1(4), 102-117.
For two authors: Johnson, A.G. & O’Kefee, L.M. (2003). Analysis of performance factors in provincial table tennis players. Journal of Sport Performance, 2(3), 12-31.
For multiple authors: Kemper, G.A., McPherson, A.B., Toledo, I. & Abdullah, I.I. (1996). Kinematic analysis of forehand smash in badminton. Science of Racket Sports, 24(2), 99-112.

Examples of book references:
Book references should specify the surname and initials of the author(s), year of publication of the book, title, edition, page numbers written in brackets, city where book was published and name of publishers. Chapter references should include the name(s) of the editor(s) and other specific information provided in the third example below:

For authored references: Amusa, L.O. & Toriola, A.L. (2003). Foundations of Sport Science (2nd ed.) (pp. 39-45). Makhado, South Africa: Leach Printers.
For edited references: Amusa, L.O. & Toriola, A.L. (Eds.) (2003). Contemporary Issues in Physical Education and Sports (2nd ed.) (pp. 20-24). Makhado, South Africa: Leach Printers.
For chapter references in a book: Adams, L.L. & Neveling, I.A. (2004). Body fat characteristics of sumo wrestlers. In J.K. Manny & F.O. Boyd (Eds.), Advances in Kinanthropometry (pp. 21-29). Johannesburg, South Africa: The Publishers Company Ltd.

Example of electronic references:
Electronic sources should be easily accessible. Details of Internet website links should also be provided fully. Consider the following example: Wilson, G.A. (1997). Does sport sponsorship have a direct effect on product sales? The Cyber-Journal of Sport Marketing (online), October, 1(4), at http://www.cad.gu.au/cjsm/wilson.html. February 1997.

PROOFREADING
Manuscript accepted for publication may be returned to the author(s) for final correction and proofreading. Corrected proofs should be returned to the Editor-In-Chief electronically within one week of receipt. It will be assumed that the publication should go ahead if no response is received from the corresponding author within one week. Minor editorial corrections are handled by AJPHES.

COPYRIGHT AGREEMENT
LAM Publications Ltd. holds the copyright for AJPHES. In keeping with copyright laws, authors will be required to assign copyright of accepted manuscripts to LAM Publications Ltd. This ensures that both the publishers and the authors are protected from misuse of copyright information. Requests for permission to use copyright materials should be addressed to the Editor-in-Chief.

COMPLIMENTARY COPY OF AJPHES AND ORDER INFORMATION
Principal authors will receive three (3) complimentary copies of the journal. In case of two or more joint authors the principal author distributes the copies to the co-authors. Electronic copies can be ordered from SABINET at www.sabinet.co.za or AJOL at www.ajol.info or EBSCO at www.ebscohost.com

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eISSN: 1117-4315