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African Journal for the Psychological Study of Social Issues

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Coping among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA): influence of social support, self-esteem, health locus of control and gender

Peter O Olapegba

Abstract


This study investigated the influence of social support, self-esteem, locus of control and gender on coping behaviour of People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). One hundred and three (103) PLWHA; 56 males and 47 females with mean age of 29.52 selected using the purposive sampling technique participated in the study. Data were collected with a structured questionnaire and an ex-post facto research design was employed. Result of analysis using a multiple regression indicated that social support, self-esteem, health locus of control and gender have significant joint influence with coping (F (4, 73) = 5.59, p<.05). The t-test analysis showed that there is no gender difference in coping behaviour of PLWHA (t (101) = -.60, p>.05). It is then concluded that management of HIV/AIDS should take a multidisciplinary approach, social support should be in the front burner, society should be sensitized to the importance of social support that is culturally appropriate and behaviour modification focused.

Keywords: social support, self-esteem, locus of control, coping and PLWHA

African Journal for Psychological Study of Social Issues Vol. 8(1) 2005: 114-120



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