Transfusion of the dangerous universal donor blood leading to maternal mortality: a case report
Background: In a health-care setting in which group-identical donor blood is not always available for transfusion, group O whole blood, in the obsolete concept of its being a universal donor, is sometimes given to group A and B recipients without necessary precautions.
Objectives: The objective is to draw attention to the danger of transfusing group A or B recipients with group O blood.
Materials and methods: The case is presented of a multiparous blood group A pregnant woman who was transfused with whole blood group O. The woman developed a haemolytic blood transfusion reaction, which led to intravascular haemolysis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, multiple organ failure and death.
Conclusion and recommendation: Whenever group-identical compatible blood is not available, and group O blood has to be given to a group A or B recipient, haemolysin test must be included in the pre-transfusion tests, and blood should be given preferably as red cell concentrate.
Keywords: Transfusion, maternal, mortality, blood