Clinical outcome of ovarian vein embolization in pelvic congestion syndrome
Introduction: Pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS), is a condition associated with ovarian vein (OV) incompetence among other causes. It is manifested by chronic pelvic pain with associated dyspareunia and dysmenorrhea. The diagnosis of PCS is often overlooked and the management can be difficult. Traditional therapy for PCS has included both medical and surgical approaches and more recently endovascular therapy.
The aim of this work: The aim of this work was to assess the clinical efficacy of ovarian vein embolization in treatment of PCS associated with OV incompetence and in the management of pelvic varices via catheter directed coil embolization.
Conclusion: From our and previous results, we can conclude that catheter directed OV coil embolization is a feasible procedure for treatment of pelvic congestion syndrome associated with OV incompetence. Presence of bilateral OV incompetence should always be investigated prior this therapy. Further prospective trials are required to assess the full benefits and efficacy of this technique, and to assess which may be the best embolic agent.