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Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between burnout, depression, anxiety, and stress levels of primary health-care workers.
Methods: This cross-sectional study included 338 health-care workers. The sociodemographic data form, the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) were applied. Mann Whitney U test, Kruskal Wallis test, Chi square test, and Logistic regression analysis were used. The error level was taken as 0.05.
Results: The burnout levels of the health workers were lower level in Emotional Exhaustion (EE) (79.0%), Depersonalization (D) (81.1%), and Personal Accomplishment (PA) (54.1%). The level of the depression, anxiety, and stress were found to be 10.9%, 14.8%, and 5.0%, respectively. The rates of low-moderate-high EE and D, low-moderate PA were higher in physicians than midwives and nurses. There were significant differences between the mean of burnout levels and gender, marital status, occupation, and total working times. Mean depression was higher among physicians while mean stress was lower among who worked 5 years and under. EE and PA were the factors associated with depression and anxiety, while EE was the factor associated with stress.
Discussion: Considering that burnout, depression, anxiety, and stress are intertwined concepts, it is thought that's needed to develop strategies for health workers to regain working energy.