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Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia

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PREPARATION OF NICKEL - COBALT SPINEL OXIDES NixCO3-xO4.COMPARISON OF TWO PHYSICAL PROPERTIES STEMMING FROM FOUR DIFFERENT PREPARATION METHODS AND USING CARBON PASTE ELECTRODE

Makhtar Guene, Abdou Aziz Diagne, Modou Fall, Mor Marème Dieng, Gérard Poillerat

Abstract


A comparative study of two electro-physical properties (porosity and electrical conductivity) of binary nickel cobalt oxides electrodes with spinels mixed oxides NixCo3-xO4 as active matter, was carried out. Four different routes were used to prepare spinel-type NixCo3-xO4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 2.5) compounds in order to link these properties with the preparation method. The substitution of Ni for Co increases the conductivity and the porosity of the electrode till a certain ratio of nickel. X-ray diffraction patterns showed that the oxides crystallize in a cubic spinel phase. Electrical conductivity as well as porosity depends on the preparation route.
KEY WORDS: Nickel cobalt spinel oxides, Porosity, Electrical conductivity, Mixed oxides electrodes, Carbon paste electrode, Pechini sol-gel method


Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2007, 21(2), 255-262.



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v21i2.21205
AJOL African Journals Online