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Bowen Journal of Agriculture

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Determinants of job effectiveness of extension personnel in Oyo state ADP and farmers' development union, Ibadan

S.O Ayansina, R.A. Oyeyinka, A.O. Adekunmi, A.O. Awoyemi

Abstract


The study examined the determinants of job effectiveness of extension personnel of OYSADEP and FADU organizations. Disproportionate sampling procedure was used to select 94% and 81% from the population of extension personnel in the two organizations to obtain 120 respondents for the study. Structured and pretested questionnaire was utilized to collect data from the respondents based on the objective. Data was collected on socioeconomic characteristics such ass age, gender, educational qualification, income and year of experience. Level of job effectiveness was sought on a number of specific task of job performance and measured on Very Desirable, Desirable, Moderately Desirable, Desirable and Not Desirable. Incentives to job effectiveness was taken on Very High Satisfaction, High Satisfaction, Moderate Satisfaction, Low Satisfaction and Very Low Satisfaction while constraints to job effectiveness was measured on the basis of All the time, Frequently, Occasionally, Rarely and Never with their means of determination. Frequency counts, percentages and means were used to present the results on descriptive levels while inferential statistics such as Chi-square, t-test and PPMC were utilized to test the study hypotheses. Results revealed that 39.41% of the respondents fell within the ages of 31- 40 years with mean age of 32years. Majority, 58.4%, were males while 72.5% have married. Further on the table,34.1% of the respondents had bachelor degrees while 12.5% were PhD holders. Majority (55%) had worked between 5-10 years with 62.5% earned between #41,000 and #80,000. Personnel were mostly effective in professional work performance ((X=4.35) and competency ((=4.28). Incentive to job performance were recognition programmes ((=3.16) and treat ((=3.12). Constraints to job effectiveness were mindsets in the parts of the managements staff ((= 3.27) and poor transportation ((=3.13). Tested hypotheses revealed significant 2= relationship between effectiveness and age (X 18.013,p<0.05), education 2 (X =21.003, p<0.05) and years of working experience (X=35.069). There was a significant difference in the effectiveness (F=8.646) between personnel in OYSADEP and FADU however, no significant association existed between level of incentive given and personnel effectiveness (r=0.008).Organizations were recommended to enhance the effectiveness
of their personnel with training programmes and assigned duties to the different personnel based on their job experience levels.




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