Analysis of survival patterns of TB‐HIV co‐infected patients in relation to timing of art initiation in Kiambu County, 2012‐2016
Background: TB‐HIV co‐infection remains a glaring challenge particularly in low resource countries. The end TB strategy is focused towards the reduction of all TB related mortality by 95% by 2035
Objective: To analyze the survival patterns of TB‐HIV co‐infected patients in Kiambu County
Design: Retrospective cross‐sectional study
Setting: Kiambu County, Kenya
Subjects: TB‐HIV co‐infected patients that were newly diagnosed with both tuberculosis and HIV infection.
Results: A total of 1,189 patients were included for the study. Tuberculosis was more prevalent among males 635 (53.4%) than females 554 (46.6%).The age group most affected was between 24‐35 years. Gatundu zone had the highest number of TB‐HIV co‐infected cases notified. There was a general decline in the total number of TB‐HIV co‐infected patients reported across 2012‐2016. Mortality was highest at <14 days 38.2%, followed by 15‐30days 32.2%, 30‐60days at 18.1% and was least in more than 60 days at 10.7% with ART initiation.
Conclusion: Survival of newly diagnosed TB and HIV co‐infected patients in Kiambu County was noted to improve when ART was initiated 14 days after TB treatment commencement.