Vulnerability of Smallholder Farmers’ to Climate Change and Variability in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia
This study investigates vulnerability of smallholder farmers to climate change and variability in three districts (Basona Werana, Efratana Gidim and Menz Gera Meder) located in different agroecological zones (AEZs) in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Household level data about livelihood capitals and climate related variables were used to develop vulnerability indices and determine vulnerability patterns across the study area. Our results identify Basona Werana as the most vulnerable in terms of physical and financial capital indicators while Efratana Gidim is the most vulnerable in natural capital indicators and climate factors. Vulnerability score of 3 out of the 6 indicators are the least for Menz Gera Meder. Statistically significant differences of vulnerability are observed in 9 of the 39 subcomponents indicating differences in the level of vulnerability across agroecological zones. The findings have implications for planning and prioritizing adaptation interventions in the study area, while the methodology is applicable to other parts of rural Ethiopia as well.
Keywords: climate change; vulnerability; farmer, North Shewa, Ethiopia
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