Gender and Behaviour

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The experiences of Zimbabwean female immigrant breadwinners within their households in Thohoyandou, Limpopo Province

R Chinyakata, N.R. Raselekoane, L Gwatimba


In many African traditional societies the phenomenon of female breadwinning is considered a deviation from the expected norms. Many Zimbabwean women are taking the role of being the primary source of income in their households through migration in search of better economic opportunities. This study investigated the experiences of the Zimbabwean female immigrant breadwinners within their households. Qualitative approach was used to guide the data collection and analysis. The study indicated that traditional gender ideologies have a role in the household division of labour, and the female immigrant breadwinners are facing challenges social, economic and health challenges. In the light of this, the study calls for practical solutions to the challenges faced by women who are breadwinners in order for them to effectively function at the same level as their male counterparts both economically and socially.

Keywords: Experiences, Female breadwinner, Gender equality, Gender ideology, Gender roles, Immigrants

AJOL African Journals Online