Teachers’ perception of the causes and prevalence of gender based violence among primary school pupils in Ifelodun Local Government Area of Kwara State
Generally, the world today is faced with lots of challenges such as rape and insecurity to mention but few which may have resulted in different forms of gender-based violence (GBV). This research investigated Teachers’ Perception of the Causes and Prevalence of Gender-Based Violence in Ifelodun local Government Area of Kwara State. Explanatory mixed-method research design was used for this study. The population for the study comprised all public primary school teachers. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 26 schools out of 167 schools, Simple random technique was also used to select 11 teachers from each of the 26 schools used to make a total of 286 respondents and 10 teachers for qualitative interview. Two research questions were also raised, eight interview questions were raised. The research instruments that were used to obtain data from the respondents was questionnaire titled “Teachers’ Perception on the Causes and Prevalence of Gender Based Violence (TPCPGBV)” with a reliability coefficient of 0.80 and Interview guide with reliability coefficient of 0.75. The research questions were tested using Frequency count, percentage and mean. The results showed that gender discriminatory norms, family environment and poverty were the most frequent causes of Gender Based Violence. Teachers’ perception of the prevalence of gender-based violence among primary school pupils in Ifelodun local Government Area of Kwara State is high. The study concluded that Gender Based Violence is caused by different factors. It was therefore recommended that Government should organize seminars to educate teachers and pupils on Gender Based Violence so that they will be knowledgeable on the problem. The Government needs to curb the occurrence of Gender Based Violence by organizing enlightenment program for them with the use of social media to address the pupils.