Effective strategies in HIV and AIDS prevention among adolescent girls and young women in Sub-Saharan Africa: Narrative literature review

  • Nokwanda E. Bam


The global community is geared to ending HIV/AIDS infection by 2030 and yet the HIV incidence remains very high particularly among the adolescent  girls and young women (AGYW) aged 15-24 years. This narrative literature review explored qualitative and quantitative studies in order to describe the  most effective strategies to reduce transmission of HIV/AIDS infection among AGYW. Results yielded 20 articles that were accessed, analysed and  synthesized in this review. Three main themes were identified as strategies that could be used to increase AGYW retention in HIV/AIDS prevention  services namely: i) need to strengthen HIV/AIDS prevention; ii) establishing context based services and iii) to monitoring of existing services. The study  concluded that there are needs to improve adherences rates by addressing gaps that keep the AGYW from accessing SRH services. The social divisions  between the rich and poor AGYW needs to be closed through demand creation for SRH. Hence, the study recommended that context-based strategies  may address inherent drivers of HIV/AIDS infection. 


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eISSN: 1596-9231