The problem of well-being and non-utilisation of retirees in the socio-economic development of Nigeria generally, is mainly a result of dearth of indigenous research works, especially on gender issues. Retirees have always been assumed to be homogeneous, both in experiences and needs and recommendations from such works have been deficient. This study, therefore, had two objectives: one, to appraise the influence of cultural beliefs and practices in gender relations on well-being of Yoruba retirees in Osun State and two, to provide data which would stimulate further research on the potential use of retirees for developmental purpose instead of remaining as dependants for the rest of life. The study relied on primary data obtained from 954 retirees through the use of semi-structured questionnaire. Findings revealed areas of similarity and divergence of needs among the retirees and the conclusion that is drawn is that the gender-based work policy on expectation of needs is useful only when it promotes equity between males and females.