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Highland Medical Research Journal

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Pattern Of Sexually Transmitted Infections In A Reference Clinic Of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano

Emmanuel E Nwokedi, O Azeez-Akande, Abdulazeez U Dikko

Abstract


Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are common communicable diseases worldwide and constitute part of major cases seen at Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital (AKTH), Kano.

Objective: To determine the pattern of STIs and other associated clinical conditions/ sequelae among patients attending skin/ STI referral clinic at AKTH, Kano.

Methods: A prospective study with respect to the spectrum of STIs among patients who attended the Skin/STI clinic and who were physically examined and made to undergo appropriate laboratory diagnostic tests during the period November, 1998 – October, 2000 is presented.

Results: A total of Ninety patients were investigated comprising 53 (58.89%) women and 37 (41.11%) men. Candidiasis (vulvovaginitis) constituted the highest 21 (23.33%) of STI recorded followed by HIV/AIDS 13 (14.44%), pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) 12 (13.33%), genital warts 9 (10%) and non – gonococcal urethritis (NGU), 8 (8.89%) in that order. Others were lues, chancroid and Tinea cruris infections constituting 5.56% each. Gonorrhea and scabies made up 3 (3.33%) each of the cases while genital herpes including infective Herpes zoster and Molluscum contagiosum associated infections accounted for 2.22% each of the cases.

Conclusion: The patients presented with significant range of STIs with some showing similar prevalence rate. The majority (approximately 37%) of the clinical conditions were associated with bacterial agents while parasite related cases were the least encountered. There was relatively high occurrence of vulvovaginitis caused by Candida albicans in female patients while genital herpes, Herpes zoster and M. contagiosum associated infections were the least seen.
Key words: Pattern, Spectrum, STIs, Patients, Skin/STI-referral clinic, AKTH.
Highland Medical Research Journal Vol.2(2) 2004: 55-60



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