Roles of Gender on Forest Management in Unguja, Zanzibar: A Case Study of Chaani and Pete Villages
This paper focused on roles of gender on forest management in Chaani and Pete villages, in Unguja, Zanzibar. The paper examined the roles of women and men in the management of forest resources. In total, 200 people were interviewed where both quantitative and qualitative data were collected. Information and data on gender involvement in forest conservation and management were procured through interviewing respondents using questionnaires and interview guides. Focus group discussions and observation were also used in data collection. The results of this study indicated that people interviewed participated effectively in forest management through tree planting, establishing tree nurseries and woodlots, participating in campaigns on tree planting and forest committees among others. Further, the findings indicated that illegal forest products harvesting, wildfire, uncontrolled grazing and charcoal making are challenges facing forest management in Pete and Chaani villages. The study recommended that, enforcement of laws, by-laws and policies will increase involvement of men and women on the management of forests.