Students' Academic Performance: Academic Effort Is an Intervening Variable

  • James Adu Opare
  • Dramanu Bakari Yusuf


This study was designed to seek explanations for differences in academic performance among junior secondary school pupils in a Ghanaian municipality. A random sample of 600 junior secondary school pupils in form 2 was used for the study. Multiple regression procedures were used to analyse the data. The results of the study showed that in both Mathematics and English Language, mothers' reinforcement of their children's academic progress, fathers' education, and area of residence have indirect effects on children's academic performance. Children's academic effort is an intervening variable. Implications for parents and teachers are discussed

(IFE Psychologia (2002) 10(2), 136-148)

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eISSN: 1117-1421