Factors Affecting Behaviours that address HIV Risk among Nigerian University Students
AbstractObjective: The aim of this study was to identify factors affecting HIV risk reduction among University students in Nigeria.
Design: Cross-sectional survey.
Setting: 450 first year University students at Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
Participants: The sample consisted of 220 (48.9%) males and 230 (51.1%) females in the age range of 16 to 30 years (M age 21.6 yr., SD=2.9) chosen at convenience from a first year orientation class.
Main outcome measures: Sexual behavior and condom use, knowledge about correct condom use, intention of condom use, behavioural norms, attitudes, normative beliefs, and subjective norms about condoms, HIV/AIDS vulnerability (likelihood to get it), severity, prevention benefits and prevention barriers, and condom use self-efficacy.
Results: Bivariate analysis found that HIV/AIDS perceived prevention barriers, HIV/AIDS perceived severity, and male gender were associated, and age at first vaginal intercourse was inversely associated with HIV risk behavior. Regression analysis indicated that perceived prevention barriers and male gender were predictive and age at first vaginal intercourse was inversely predictive for HIV/AIDS risk behavior.
Conclusion: HIV prevention intervention programmes should include addressing the perceived prevention barriers particularly with condom use, students engaging early in their life in sexual intercourse and male students.
IFE Psychologia (2003) 11(2), 1-8