Towards Unifying Gender Disparity/Gap in STM: The Roles of ‘CAT’ and ‘SEIT’ in Enhancing the Career Interest of Female and Women in Male Dominated Studies/Occupations
This study describes gender differences in student achievement in the academic areas of science, mathematics and technology (SMT). The literature indicates consistent patterns of gender differences in SMT in which males generally performed better than their female counterpart. The study suggests, career awareness training and self-efficacy intervention techniques in enhancing the career interest of female students in male dominated subjects or occupations and the conditions for enhancing female.s career interest in male dominated subjects/disciplines should be incorporated into the SMT curriculum.
Key words: Gender, STM, CAT, SEIT and Self-efficacy.
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