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Aspects of the Grammar of Past Tense and the Present Perfective Aspect in English and Echie: A Contrastive Account

Michael Alozie Nwala


The absence of a parallel equivalence in the grammar of past tense and perfective aspect in English and Echie is significantly responsible for the errors that occur in the related sentences of the Echie second language learners of English. This article is a contrastive analysis of the grammar of past tense and present perfect tense in English and Echie and it highlighted the structural specifics of each of the languages. Using the descriptive research design, the data for this study were gathered through the primary sources (ten competent native speakers of Echie were interviewed) and the secondary sources (examples generated from textual materials). Our description showed a complete range of morphological differences in past tense and present perfect tense of English and Echie as seen in the use of 1st, 2nd and 3rd persons singular and plural respectively. The paper concludes that the parametric variation in the past tense and perfective aspect of English and Echie languages show that every language is unique in some sort.

Key Words: Contrastive, grammar, tense, parametric, descriptive,  interference; language.

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2227-5452
print ISSN: 2225-8590