Main Article Content

Petrogenesis modeling of the alkaline volcanism of Ngaoundéré (Adamawa plateau, Cameroon, Central Africa)

Oumarou F. Nkouandou
Aminatou F. Mefire
Bernard Deruelle


New insights on geochemistry of the alkaline volcanism of Ngaoundéré in Adamawa plateau enable the petrogenesis modelling of Ngaoundéré Miocene lava series. Mass-balance crystal fractionation, closed-system Assimilation, Fractional Crystallization (AFC) and partial melting rate modeling attempted for Ngaoundéré volcanism are re-examined. Inductively Couple Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) and Inductively Couple Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AES) analyses show that lavas are microlitic porphyritic textures. Decrease of major element (MgO, Fe2O3, TiO2, CaO) with increasing SiO2 contents results from fractionation of olivine, clinopyroxene and Fe-Ti-oxides in the parental basaltic magma. Similarly, for felsic magma, decrease in Al2O3, Na2O and K2O contents depends upon feldspar fractionation and decrease in P2O5 from apatite fractionation, thus underline a typical feature of alkaline basaltic lavas of Ngaoundéré volcanism. The results evidence the differentiation by fractional crystallization process. Parental magmas of Ngaoundéré volcanism have undergone a low partial melting rate (2 to 3 %) of the heterogeneous mantle source.

© 2016 International Formulae Group. All rights reserved.

Keywords: Major and trace elements, fractional crystallization, partial melting, modeling, Ngaoundéré volcanism, Adamawa plateau