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International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences

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Assessment of some physicochemical parameters of rice and wheat varieties consumed in Mauritania

Mohamed Moutaly, Yacoub Bamba, Mohamed Abdallahi Bollahi

Abstract


The aim of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical parameters of rice and wheat varieties consumed in Mauritania. In this study, a total of six rice and three wheat varieties were analyzed for their physicochemical quality including moisture, protein, mineral contents and heavy metals. The result showed that Super rice had the highest moisture (8.66 %) and protein (6.78 %) content. The moisture content of the wheat varieties ranged between 5.56 to 7.07 %. Wheat variety Rosso (7.98 %) followed by Echeilal (7.55 %) showed more protein content than imported wheat variety. We can notice that the mineral content of the six rice varieties can be classified as follows: Zenkaloni> Basmati> Super> Local > Royal > Yebreg, while the mineral content of the three wheat varieties can be classified as follows: Echeilal > Imported> Rosso. The moisture, the protein, the minerals and heavy metals were all within acceptable levels.

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Keywords: Physicochemical, rice, wheat, protein, Nouakchott, Mauritania




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