Improving biological efficiency of Oyster mushroom, Pleurotus ostreatus Fr. (Polyporaceae), through composting and use of organic supplements.
Various crop residues can be used in producing Oyster mushrooms either as main substrates or in combinations with supplements. Yield response is determined by the type of crop residue and production practice used. Two factorial experiments were performed to evaluate the mycelium vigor and biological efficiency (BE) of Oyster mushroom produced on composted cotton residues, maize stover and wheat straw substrates enriched with either sunflower seed cake or pigeon pea hulls. Yield improvement were observed in both pigeon pea and sunflower seed cake supplemented treatments with the highest mycelium vigor (91.65%) and biological efficiencies (106.65%) observed, whilst the control treatments had 71.1% mycelium vigor and 27.6% biological efficiency. Mycelium growth and biological efficiency were satisfactory with the use of either supplement. Contribution of flushes to total yield was improved with addition of either supplement with up to 70% contribution in pigeon pea supplemented cotton residues. Supplements were equally effective for improving the performance of Oyster mushroom in almost all the substrates used. Composting of the substrates was beneficial in cotton residues and wheat straw substrates with biological efficiency of 145.7 and 28.2% respectively compared to their controls (32.3 and 5.3 respectively). It was concluded that both supplement can be used to enhance production and composting was not beneficial with maize stover.
Keywords: biological efficiency, compost, mycelium vigor, pigeon pea, sunflower seed cake
International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences Vol. 2 (1) 2008 pp. 72-80