Packed cell volume and serum iron in subjects with HIV-malaria co-infection in Nnewi, South-Eastern Nigeria

  • NR Ukibe
  • C Onyenekwe
  • J Ahaneku
  • S Meludu
  • S Ukibe
  • A Ilika
  • M Ifeanyi
  • A Igwegbe
  • M Ezeani
  • A Onochie
  • N Ofiaeli

Abstract

The present study was designed to assess the PCV and serum iron in HIV-malaria co-infected subjects in Nnewi, South Eastern Nigeria. 207 participants aged between 16-72 (44 ± 28) years were recruited and
classified as follows based on standard screening and WHO criteria: (i) Asymptomatic HIV stage I subjects with or without malaria. (ii) Symptomatic HIV stage II subjects with or without malaria and not on (ART). (iii) HIV/AIDS subjects with or without malaria and on ART. (vi) HIV seronegative control subjects with or without malaria. Blood sample from these participants were analyzed for HIV seroreactivity, Plasmodium falciparum antigen, parasite density, serum iron concentrations and PCV using Standard Laboratory methods. The result showed that serum iron and PCV were significantly reduced amongst all the groups studied when compared with the control (p<0.01, <0.05, <0.01) respectively. No significant difference was observed in malaria parasite densities amongst all the groups studied. The present study shows that serum iron could possibly be one of the most significant predictors of anaemia in subjects presenting with HIV-malaria coinfection, other factors not withstanding. Effective antimalarial drugs in conjunction with antiretroviral therapy could go a long-way in reducing the incidence of anaemia associated with HIV/Malaria co-infection © 2010 International Formulae Group. All rights reserved.

Keywords: HIV, Malaria, Serum iron, PCV.

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Articles

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eISSN: 1997-342X
print ISSN: 1991-8631