International Journal of Educational Research

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Music and Dance Instruction in Basic Schools in Ghana: v

HK Anderson, G W Addo


The study investigated factors militating against the girl – child's music and dance
education in basic schools in Ghana. The Population were music and dance teachers
in Ghanaian pre-tertiary institutions, while purposive sampling technique was used to
select the sample that covered all the 2005 of the 400 level music students of the
Music Education Department of the University of Education, Winneba. The instrument
was a modified Anderson's (2002) questionnaire. The data collected was analyzed
using frequency counts and percentages. The findings revealed that equal opportunities
were provided by the teachers studied for both the girl – child and the boy – child,
based on the competencies of the teachers, to study music and dance. The study revealed
further that many girl –child across the country does not participate at all or less
participate in music and dance lessons, while shyness on the part of the girl- child
posses a threat to girl's education in music and dance. It was however recommended
that the girl – child should be counselled on the effects of shyness and how to overcome
it, this it is assumed would encourage more girls to participate fully in music and

Keywords: Problems, Music, Dance, Instruction, Basic Schools, Girl- Child, Ghana

International Journal of Educational Research Vol. 3 (2) 2007 pp. 191-202

AJOL African Journals Online