Preloading system with partially penetrating vertical drains in marine soft clays in Egypt: 2D and 3D comparative FE study

Keywords: 2D, 3D, Finite element, Embankment Instrumentation, Marine soft clay, Prefabricated vertical drains (PVD).


A large-scale trial embankment provided with partially penetrating prefabricated vertical drains (PVD) was installed in consolidating marine clay deposits at East-Port said industrial zone project in Egypt. The trial embankment was constructed with a bottom area of 150x150m and a height of 5.5m to evaluate the efficiency of the improvement system and verify the design parameters. An intensive instrumentation system was built-up including shallow settlement indicators, vibrating wire piezometers, extensometer, and inclinometers. Two and three-dimensional finite element analyses (FE) were performed to study the effect of the preloading system provided with partially PVD in consolidating marine clay deposits. FE models were validated and showed good agreement with the field observations in terms of vertical displacement of embankment center, and lateral soil deformation beneath the embankment toe.


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 2141-2839
print ISSN: 2141-2820