International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology

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Enhancement of heat transfer using varying width twisted tape inserts

S Naga Sarada, AV Sita Rama Raju, K Kalyani Radha, L Shyam Sunder


The present work shows the results obtained from experimental investigations of the augmentation of turbulent flow heat transfer in a horizontal tube by means of varying width twisted tape inserts with air as the working fluid. In order to reduce excessive pressure drops associated with full width twisted tape inserts, with less corresponding reduction in heat transfer coefficients, reduced width twisted tapes of widths ranging from 10 mm to 22 mm, which are lower than the tube inside diameter of 27.5 mm are used. Experiments were carried out for plain tube with/without twisted tape insert at constant wall heat flux and different mass flow rates. The twisted tapes are of three different twist ratios (3, 4 and 5) each with five different widths (26-full width, 22, 18, 14 and 10 mm) respectively. The Reynolds number varied from 6000 to 13500. Both heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop are calculated and the results are compared with those of plain tube. It was found that the enhancement of heat transfer with twisted tape inserts as compared to plain tube varied from 36 to 48% for full width (26mm) and 33 to 39% for reduced width (22 mm) inserts. Correlations are developed for friction factors and Nusselt numbers for a fully developed turbulent swirl flow, which are applicable to full width as well as reduced width twisted tapes, using a modified twist ratio as pitch to width ratio of the tape.

International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, Vol. 2, No. 6, 2010, pp. 107-118

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