Indigenous climate change adaptation strategies used by Honey Producers in rural communities of Enugu State, Nigeria
The study examined the effectiveness and challenges in the use of indigenous climate change adaptation measures by bee farmers in Enugu State. Sixty households’ heads involved in honey production were used. Structured interview schedule, focus group discussion and observation were used for data collection and the analysis was carried out using descriptive statistics. Production of honey across the years (2000 to 2015) showed a downward trend, while the number of hives installed increased significantly. The respondents effectively adapted to climate change through change of sites of hives ( = 4.00), tree planting ( = 3.33), amendment of the periods of beekeeping operations ( = 3.00) among others. However, they experienced challenges caused by indiscriminate cutting of trees ( =3.42), inadequate information on adaptation measures ( = 3.30), pesticide threat ( =3.07) among others. Extension workers should intensify tailored training and visit to beekeepers to update producers’ knowledge on bee farming (modern techniques), climate change implications of some farm practices (indiscriminate cutting of tree) and provide information on innovative adaptation options. Educational outreach on climate change to rural communities to stimulate community involvement in promoting environmentally sound practices should be advocated and funded by development agencies. Also, linking farmers to relevant actors, equipment dealers, financial institution; and enacting policy that will create and foster collaborative interaction for effective adaptation to climate change should be championed by public and non -governmental organizations.
Key words: Climate change, honey, producers, adaptation, bee, hives