A Comparative Analysis of the Alternative Approaches in the Provision of Agricultural Extension Service
AbstractIn a climate of declining government support for conventional provision of extension service and the evidence of lack of success of traditional methods, the need for alternative methods is recognized. This study critically examined current alternative approaches in the provision of extension service world-wide stressing the features, gains and shortcomings of each approach. The approaches considered include privatization, commercialization, decentralization (deconcentration, delegation, devolution, and transfer to private firms and NGO), and cost-sharing. One of the key features of all the reforms is that they aim at recovering a part or all of the cost of the provision of extension service so as to take the burden away from the public sector, cut down on expenses, improve management and staff professionalism, and make users’ problems become main priorities. The paper further compared the approaches based on their major characteristic features and country case examples. Finally it recommended that individual countries should endeavor to make situational analysis and independent economic, political and technical determinations, not the use of implantation or formulas, in developing funding and delivery arrangements to provide for agricultural extension service.
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.
JAE supports free online communication and exchange of knowledge as the most effective way of ensuring that the fruits of research and development practice are made widely available. It is therefore committed to open access, which, for authors, enables the widest possible dissemination of their findings and, for readers, increases their ability to discover pertinent information. The Journal adopts and uses the CC BY-NC-ND license. Under this license users are permitted to: Copy and distribute the article (non-commercially); you can’t change or alter the article in anyway; Users are not allowed to data mine the article.