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In this work, electrocoagulation and chemical coagulation were applied to the exit effluent of a textile factory located at Douala (Cameroon).The investigations were focused on the operational (pH, conductivity) and pollution parameters (COD, total phosphorus, turbidity). The electrolytic treatment was carried out with 0.4 A current intensity, and chemical coagulation was conducted in adding initially to the effluent the same quantities of aluminium than that electrogenerated.the elimination of pollution contents depended on the quantity of Al3+ ions produced by the electrodissolution of the aluminium anode and that of the aluminium salt dissolved in solution. In fact, 58.86, 94.44 and 97.81% of COD, total phosphorous and turbidity were respectively removed by electrocoagulation, while hemical coagulation, the turbidity was also reduced roughly at the same level as by electrolytic treatment. Also, 56.08 and 63.64% COD and total phosphorus were respectively removed by chemical route. During electrocoagulation, highest removals were reached after 2.49x10-3mmol of aluminum was released in solution (after 30 minutes of treatment). Thus, the final pH obtained by this process was around 9 and the conductivity varying slightly, compared to the initial value. By contrast, chemical coagulation rendered the effluent more acidic and more conducting (γ> 4 mS.cm-1). Electrocoagulation is the best process, by the fact that the textile effluent treated by this technique can be re-used or rejected without risk in the environment. Chemical coagulation: indeed, the corrosive nature of effluent treated by this method and the significant content of the residual phosphorus can seriously inhibit the perspective of recycling.
Keywords: Electrocoagulation, Chemical coagulation, Textile effluents, Removal efficiency