Nutrition and family living profile of rural households in Mbaitoli local government area, Imo state, Nigeria
The study assessed nutrition and family living profile of rural households in Mbaitoli Local Government Area, Imo State, Nigeria. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Data analyses used such statistical and econometric tools like frequency counts, percentages, regression and per capita household food expenditure (PCHFE). Results showed that majority of the respondents were literate, married, still young, energetic and vibrant being able to carry out manual work. Family responsibilities are borne by both the male and female respondents. Majority of the respondents are living in their personal houses, used water system and waste bin as their waste disposal methods. Cost of food items was the major factor that determined their choice of food. In addition, majority of the respondents had their meals 3 times daily and had intake of food supplements. The mean MPCHE was ₦8634.129. This indicates that majority of the respondents had low level of consumption (standard of living). This situation would negatively affect the level of nutrition. Finally, age, number of years spent in acquiring formal education, marital status and household size were significant factors influencing amount spent on food weekly, while poverty, inadequate health institution and poor sanitary condition were the major factors hindering healthy family living. Given the findings we recommended that government and relevant nutrition agencies in the state and local government area should create awareness on the need for adequate nutrition and right attitudes towards making the right choice of food and combining the food sources available in their meals. This measure would help boost the nutritional status of individuals and avoid ill-health.
Key Words: nutrition, family-living, profile, rural, households