Comparative analysis of hybridizing histogram equalization techniques on the performance of face recognition algorithms

  • O.F.W. Onifade
  • I.H. Obianugba
Keywords: illumination invariance, face recognition system, Histogram Equalization, Adaptive Histogram Equalization, Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization, Fuzzy Histogram Equalization, Principal Component Analysis, linear discriminant analysis..

Abstract

Illumination invariance has been one of the challenging factor faced by face  recognition systems, among others. Various techniques have been proposed to  combat this problem of illumination variation in face recognition, among which are  histogram equalization (HE), adaptive histogram equalization (AHE), fuzzy histogram equalization, contrast limited adaptive histogram equalization (CLAHE),  block-based histogram equalization (BHE), to mention a few. Each of these  techniques have been shown to improve performance of face recognition system in terms of recognition rate, with most solving the limitations of the other. This paper investigates the efficacy of hybridizing histogram equalization techniques, in  particular Histogram Equalization (HE) and Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram  Equalization (CLAHE) as illumination normalization filter, on the performance of face recognition algorithms. Performance was evaluated using Principal Component  Analysis (PCA) and Linear Disciminant Analysis (LDA) and our result showed that our hybrid model outperform the popular CLAHE which according to past researches, outperforms its variants, Histogram Equalization (HE) and Adaptive Histogram  Equalization (AHE)

Keywords: illumination invariance, face recognition system,  Histogram  Equalization, Adaptive Histogram Equalization, Contrast Limited  Adaptive Histogram Equalization, Fuzzy Histogram Equalization, Principal  Component Analysis, linear discriminant analysis..

Published
2017-01-17
Section
Articles

eISSN: 2006-5523