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Response of Common Bean to Rhizobium Inoculation and Fertilizers

Amos A. O. Musandu
Ogendo O. Joshua


Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) yields in Western Kenya are low and this has been attributed to low soil fertility. Field trials were conducted in farmers fields in Ukwala Division of Siaya District in Kenya during the long rains of 1998 and 1999 to determine the potential for improving bean yields through Rhizobium inoculation, and fertilizer N and P applications. The three factors: Rhizobium inoculation at two levels and fertilizers-N and P each at three levels were factorially combined to give 18 treatments. The treatments were laid out in a randomised complete block design with a split-plot structure and three replications. A popular local bean variety Okuodo was used as the test crop. During the 1998 long rains season, P significantly (P=O.05) increased the stand count after emergence, pod number per plant and the bean grain yields. Seed number per plant alone was significantly increased by fertilizer-N application. Significant interaction effects (P=O.05) were observed for NXP on the stand count after emergence and for Rhizobium inoculation XP on stand count after emergence, stand count at harvest and the bean grain yields. Rhizobium inoculation alone did not significantly affect any of the measured variables in both seasons. In 1999, only the bean grain yields were determined and were significantly (P=O.05) increased only by fertilizer P applications.

The Journal of Food Technology in Africa Volume 6 No.4, 2001, pp. 121-125

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eISSN: 1028-6098