Role of librarians in using information dissemination techniques on the health and social implications of female genital mutilation (FGM) in Nigeria
Female genital mutilation is the excision of any part of the female genital organs without medical reasons. This culture is peculiar to many cultures. FGM has attracted attention at both national and international levels due to its violation to human rights. World Health Organization, other government and non governmental agencies have condemned this dehumanizing practice. Despite efforts from many sources the practice has hardly abated in Nigeria. Therefore, the objective of this study is to investigate into (1) the health implications of female genital mutilation( FGM), (2) examine the social implications of female genital mutilation (FGM), (3) inquire into the appropriate information dissemination techniques that can be used against the practice of female genital mutilation, (FGM) (4) find out the challenges librarians encounter in disseminating information on female genital mutilation and (5) find out strategies that will enhance librarians’ information dissemination on female genital mutilation (FGM). The study adopted a descriptive survey research design. A sample size of 229 respondents comprising of 111 librarians and 118 health practitioners was used for the study. The findings of the study showed that FGM has some serious social and health implications for women and therefore should be discouraged. The finding also showed that appropriate information dissemination techniques can be used against the practice of FGM and that if the strategies for information dissemination about the consequences of FGM are properly carried out by librarians, it will go a long way in enhancing the awareness of FGM in Nigeria and will also reduce the risk women face as a result of FGM. Finally, a conclusion was given.
Keywords: Librarians, information dissemination, techniques, health and social implications, female genital mutilation