Prevalence and knowledge of Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) among the Working Class Adults in F.C.T. Nigeria
Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS) among working class adults within the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Nigeria, as well as to know if CVS has an impact on work productivity.
Methods: This was a quantitative, descriptive cross-sectional study design. Pre-tested questionnaire was self-administered to 255 participants aged 18-35 years, who work at the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja, Nigeria. A total of 255 quetionnaires were collected and 215 (84%) were analysed for the study. Data was analysed using chi-square test.
Results: The prevalence of CVS in the study population was calculated to be 65%; prevalence of CVS was highest in the female gender (74%) as compared to the male (56%). Association between the dependent variable (presence of CVS) and most of the independent variables were not statistically significant; the only association that was statistically significant was presence of CVS with knowledge of CVS (χ2 : 7.748; df: 1; p= 0.005), and presence of CVS with work productivity (χ2 : 6.641; df: 2; p= 0.036).
Conclusion: This study has been able to establish the fact that there is a high prevalence of CVS in FCT, which influences work productivity. It also found out that knowledge and awareness of CVS is a major factor that can influence the development of CVS, meaning that if the knowledge or perhaps awareness of CVS improves, there could be lower occurrence of CVS and vice versa, therefore creating more awareness in this regard can never be over emphasized.