Farmers Ideas of Climate Change and Strategies for Adaptation in Northern Part of Katsina State
This study examines farmers’ ideas on changes in long-term temperature and precipitation as well as various farm-level adaptation measures and barriers to adaptation at the farm household level in nine selected communities found in three northern local government areas (Batsari, Jibia and Kaita) of Katsina State. The use of percentages was adopted in characterizing farmer ideas on changes in longterm temperature and precipitation changes as well as various adaptation measures being used by farmers and barriers to adaptation. Results confirm awareness and non awareness of some farmers to climate change. 84.44% of respondents within the three age group believed there is increase in temperature, while the remaining 15.56% of the respondent indicated no change in temperature. The study reveals that changes in temperature and precipitation cause changes in crop varieties, changes in planting dates, a shorter growing season, and increased use of water conservation techniques. Various adaptation measures and barriers to adaptation were outlined as reported by respondents.
Keywords: farmer, Climate change, adaptation, Katsina