Contribution de la recherche linguistique a la gestion et la conservation de l’ecosysteme : Cas des forets sacrees en milieu Aja-Tado (Sud-Benin)
AbstractThe constitution of the republic of Benin stipulates in article 27 “Any person is entitled to a healthy, satisfactory and durable environment and has the duty to defend it. The State takes care of the environmental protection'. The Benin one has great potentialities in natural resources used for purposes of production. The demographic explosion having for corollary the overexploitation of the grounds and the forests accentuated the impoverishment of the populations by the fall of incomes at the same time as its productivity. The populations in their turn to survive exert harmful effects on the environment. From where a strategy of management and control proves to be essential to preserve the aforementioned resources. In spite of the alternative solutions and the implementation of the environmental policy of Benin, the phenomenon does not seem not controlled! How to do it ? The wisdom fon sign which “it is necessary to turn over on its steps when the road is lost” as it often said
in addition in fonphone medium, “it is at the end of the old cord that the new one is woven” being based on these secular thoughts (proverbs and sayings) and starting from a linguistic data based on toponymy,
the anthroponymy, the denomination of the trees and wood crowned in Aja-Tado medium. Our study which takes support on the associative lexical theory, uses the tool for analysis of the derivational morphology of Corbin (1990), presents initially an analysis of their morphological and semio-syntactic structure. Then it examines some socioculturel facts of which any researcher should be also interested to create technical and endogenous methods of protections, original of management of the environment.