Connaissances, attitudes et pratiques en focus group des clients des sites de prévention de la transmission du VIH de la mère à son enfant au Togo en 2010

  • KE Djadou
  • KD Azoumah
  • KS Koffi
  • K Lawson-Evi
  • D Vinyo
  • K Tatagan-Agbi

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and practices about prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) among clients in focus group in Togo.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 20 antenatal clinics involved in PMTCT activities from January 18 to February 6, 2010. Data were collected by interview by 23 investigators.
Results: 40 focus groups were organised with the 339 patients participation of whom15 men with the quality of wives’ husbands. According to the transmission’s fashion of the illness, the clients’ majority cited sexual rout and cutting stained objects. Only a small part cited mother-to-child transmission root mother-child. The clients in their majority thought that it(s necessary to know serologic status for these reasons: to protect mother and child health, to do take over by midwives and to change their comportment. At least 50% of pregnant women would do voluntarily detection test; approximation 25% of pregnant women told that detection test was fixed by the midwive; the 25% remaining for afraid didn’t want to do detection test. The reasons for witch a seropositive woman would be able to decide not to be pregnant are: the afraid to have a seropositive new-born baby, to transmit the sickness to his husband, stigmatization particularly in the child nutrition. The majority of women, 97%, will recommend to a seropositive pregnant woman to delivery in PMTCT centers.
Conclusion: Our investigation led us to note that clients have pretty good knowledge about PMTCT and attitudes and practices towards PMTCT. However, some weaknesses must be addressed by informations in PMTCT. Men must be sensibilised to campaign their wives to prenatal consultations.

Keywords: Knowledge, attitudes, practices, focus group, PMTCT

J. Rech. Sci. Univ. Lomé (Togo), 2012, Série D, 14(1) : 61-66

Author Biographies

KE Djadou
Service de Pédiatrie, CHR de Tsévié, Université de Lomé (Togo)
KD Azoumah
Service de Pédiatrie, CHU Kara, Université de Kara (Togo)
KS Koffi
Service de Pédiatrie, CHU Tokoin, Université de Lomé (Togo)
K Lawson-Evi
Service de Pédiatrie, CHU Tokoin, Université de Lomé (Togo)
D Vinyo
Service de Pédiatrie, CHU Tokoin, Université de Lomé (Togo)
K Tatagan-Agbi
Service de Pédiatrie, CHU Tokoin, Université de Lomé (Togo)
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 2413-354X
print ISSN: 1727-8651