Kriteria vir 'n Afrikaanse aanleerderwoordeboek
Criteria for an Afrikaans leamer's dictionary. This article detennines the theoretical and practical criteria for an Afrikaans learner's dictionary. The target users of this dictionary is black tertiary students for whom Afrikaans is a second or third language. Such a dictionary should be directed at the needs of the target users, i.e. be a suitable medium for both decoding and encoding. The compilation of the leamer's dictionary should chiefly be based upon real language use. This entails a thorough data collection which should contain adequate detail and is presented systematically. The selected infonnation should be understandable and easily retrievable. The dictionary should have an explanatory section. The recording of macrostructural elements should be linguistically motivated. The recording of specific macrostructural elements should be based on the needs of the target users and insights of the lexicographer with regard to interlingual aspects. As far as the microstructure is concerned, adequate pronunciation, grammatical, semantic and usage guidance should be provided.
Keywords: criteria, learner's dictionary, target user, decoding, encoding, explanatory section, pronunciation guidance, grammatical guidance, semantic guidance, usage guidance