Prevalence of Bovine Fasciolosis in Selected Dairy Farms of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
A cross sectional study is carried out in selected dairy farms in and around Addis Ababa on the prevalence of fasciolosis in Ethiopia, in four sub-cities, locally called Kifele Ketemas. The dairy farms were under intensive and semi-intensive management systems. A total of 384 cattle were randomly selected and sampled which accounts for 95% (N=365) and 5% (N=19) of the samples for intensive and semi-intensive dairy farms, respectively. Fecal samples were examined using the direct fecal microscopic examination and Benedict's sedimentation tests. Out of 384 samples examined, 57 samples were found to be positive using both tests, giving a prevalence of 14.84% (N=57). The prevalence of fasciolosis in study areas (Kifele Ketemas) is 52.63% (N=30) in Yeka, 33.33% (N=19) in Bole, 10.35% (N=6) in Gullele and 3.51% (N=2) in Kality area. The prevalence of bovine fasciolosis in Yeka is significantly higher (P<0.05) than in the other three sub-cities. Statistically significant deference is observed (P<0.05) among sexes, 44.44% (N=4) in males and semi-intensively managed cattle 63% (N=12).The overall infection prevalence is higher (20.37%) (N=33) in animals categorized under body condition score (BCS) 2 than animals categorized under body condition score 3, 4, and 5. BCS 2 accounts for 20.37% (N=33) of the total positive animals, BCS 3 accounts for 7.19% (N=11), BCS 4 accounts for 17.77% (N=8) and BCS 5 accounts for 20.83% (N=5) of the total animals sampled. No statistically significant difference (P>0.05) is observed between the age groups.
Keywords: Bovine; Fasciolosis; Prevalence; Chi-square; Addis Ababa; Ethiopia.