Assessment of food security status of farming households in Abia State, Nigeria
The insurgency in northern Nigeria and the Niger-delta unrest has posed a serious threat to food security in the country. The study was conducted to determine the status of food security in the study area, to identify the major determinants of food security among the rural household and challenges faced by households in their bid to stay food secure. 60 farming households were randomly selected in the three agricultural zones of Abia State; food security index and probit analysis model were the major tools used in the study. The survey result shows that about 36.7% of sampled farmers were food secure. Farm Size, marital status, gender, household size, and farm income were significant variables having varying degrees of influence on household food security. The study recommends that government should provide storage facilities which will reduce waste of excess produce as a result of lack of storage facilities.
Keywords: Food security, probit and farming households
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