Gender differentials in efficiency of adoption of cassava production technologies among farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria: additive multiplicative dummy variable approach
This study was designed to estimate and compare the technical efficiencies of male and female adopters and non-adopters of cassava production technologies in Anambra State, Nigeria. A multi-Stage random sampling technique was used for the sample selection. Primary data collected from a sample of 120 farmers consist of 60 males and 60 females. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics (mean, frequency and percentage) and additive multiplicative dummy variable approach. The results for the male farmers indicated that technical efficiency coefficient for farm size and quantity of herbicide were positive and significant at 10% and 5% level respectively and capital, farm size dummy and herbicide dummy at 1%, level each. For the female farmers, the coefficient for farm size and capital were positive and significant at 5% levels each and fertilizer quantity at 1% level. Farm size dummy was negative and significant at 5% level. The findings indicate that male adopters were more technicaly efficient than their female counterparts. Advocating policies aimed at increasing the cassava production efficiency of female farmers that use improved cassava production technologies is made in order to improve their standard of living.
Keywords: Gender, Technical Efficiency, Adoption and Improved Cassava