Main Article Content
This study assessed gender roles in cocoa production activities in Abia State and specifically described the demographic characteristics of the respondents; determined gender roles in cocoa production activities and evaluated factors influencing gender roles in cocoa production activities in the study area. The multi-stage sampling procedure was employed in selecting 160 respondents (96 men and 64 women) for the study. An interview schedule was employed in data collection while percentages, mean and z-test were used for analyses. From the result, average age for men was 54years and 53years for women. All the men (100%) and 87.5% women had some level of formal education and more males (62.5%) than females (59.3%) were primarily farmers. Further results revealed that men participated more in the transportation of cocoa beans from farm to the house (x̄m =3.3, x̄f =3.5), sourcing for the fund for farm operations (x̄m =3.0, x̄f =3.3), hiring labourers and payment of wages (x̄m =3.8, x̄f =3.6) among others while women participated more in fermentation and checking of cocoa beans (x̄m =3.5, x̄f =3.6), sun-drying and removal of bad cocoa beans (x̄m =3.8, x̄f =3.9). Men and women agreed that unwillingness to invest in cocoa production risk (x̄m =3.2, x̄f =3.8), poor access to information (x̄m =3.7, x̄f =2.9), time constraints due to domestic and other off-farm work (x̄m =3.6, x̄f =3.5) highly influenced women’s participation. The result showed there was no significant difference in the roles played by men and women farmers in cocoa production activities in the study area at 5% alpha level. The study therefore recommends that training and policies should be designed in a way that everybody is carried along.