Some quality attributes of heat-moisture treated water yam (Dioscorea alata) starch
This study investigated the effect of autoclave and oven heat-moisture treatment on some quality attributes of water yam starch. The water yam starch was adjusted to moisture content of 15-35% and subjected to heat-moisture treatment (HMT) using autoclave (at 120oC for 1h at 15psi) and oven (at 120oC for 12h). Physicochemical, functional and thermal properties of the modified starches formed were carried out. Increase in amylose and resistant starch content of the samples occurred after the treatment. The water and oil absorption capacity also increased after HMT from 74.40 to 135.46 % and 0.65 to 1.37ml/g respectively. Swelling power was reduced while the solubility increased compared to native starch. Pasting time and temperature increased after HMT. A reduction in peak viscosity (643.03- 80.82 RVU), trough (441.33-65.79 RVU), breakdown (203.13-93.58 RVU), and final viscosity (549.29-112.75 RVU) and set back (108.17-40.17 RVU) was noticed. Moisture content above 15% resulted in biphasic endotherms in both treatments, To, Tp. Tc and Tc-To also increased. The temperature of the heating medium affected the RS content of the starches at higher moisture content.
Keywords: Autoclave, heat-moisture treatment, oven, resistant starch, water yam
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