Effect of Sources of Fibre on Performance of Growing Snail
The proximate and physicochemical properties of cassava leaf and peel meals were evaluated with a view to possible replacement of wheat offal which is the conventional source of fibre in animal feed, with these meals. The effect of feeds produced with cassava leaf and peel meals on the performance of growing snails was also investigated. Feeds (F1, F2 and F3) were formulated to contain 240, 235 and 230 g/kg cassava root meal each and 85, 85 and 90 g/kg cassava peel meal, wheat offal meal and cassava leaf meal respectively. The formulated feeds contain approximately
18.0% crude protein, 7.5% ash, 3% fat, 6.0% crude fibre 8%, calcium, 0.7% phosphorus, and energy level of 2400 kcal ME / kg. A total of 54 growing snails (Archachatina marginata) were used to investigate the nutritive potential of the formulated feeds on performance of growing snails for 15 weeks. Concentrations of the crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre, ash and calcium in cassava leaf meal were higher than those of wheat offal and cassava peel meal, with the exception of nitrogen free extract which was highest (70.01%) in cassava peel meal. Feed intake was 576 g, 569 g and 581 g for snails fed with cassava leaf meal, cassava peel meal and wheat offal respectively but the corresponding weight gain ranged between 123.35 and 134.81 % being highest for F1. The feed conversion ratio shows that F1 > F3 > F2 indicating better conversion of feed to edible meat in F1. The results show that cassava leaves and peels
have a strong potential to substitute the traditional wheat offal and can therefore be adapted as commercial feed ingredients.
Keywords: Growing snail, cassava, snail feed, feed conversion ratio, and crude fibre.