Evaluation of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) as a substitute for soya bean meal in the diet of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings

  • S.O. Obasa Aquaculture and Fisheries Management Department, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
  • A. A. Dada Aquaculture and Fisheries Management Department, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
  • W.O. Alegbeleye Aquaculture and Fisheries Management Department, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria

Abstract

Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) meal was substituted for soybean meal in the practical diets for Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus fingerlings. Six iso-nitrogenous diets (35% crude protein) were formulated in which heat-treated soybean meal was replaced at varying levels (0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100%) with protein from pressure-cooked and sun dried pigeon meal (23% crude protein). Nile tilapia fed 60% pigeon pea meal had significantly (P<0.01) better growth response and nutrient utilisation. Growth was depressed in low pigeon pea fish and also in high (above 60%) pigeon pea diets. The poorest feed conversion ratio was observed from 100% pigeon pea fed fish. Keywords: Pigeon pea, protein, feed utilization, tilapia
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eISSN: 0331-2062