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Nigerian Journal of Guidance and Counselling

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Problem solving and problem strategies in the teaching and learning of mathematics

S.K. Ameen, M.F Salman

Abstract


Perennial poor performance recorded annually in both internal and external  examinations in Mathematics has been a great concern for the Mathematics Educators in Nigeria. This paper discusses problem-solving and influence of problem-solving strategies on students’ performance in mathematics. The concept of problem- solving was explained. The uniqueness of problemsolving and its relevance to everyday activities were discussed. Further, it explained the impacts of problem-solving strategies on students’ performance in mathematics. The importance of problem-solving and various steps involved were also enumerated. Suggestion/recommendation on how to improve on performance of students in problem-solving such as the employing appropriate problem-solving strategies in teaching the mathematics concepts by the teachers in their various schools and also, providing enough time for the students to reflect on what they have learnt during the problem-solving activities.


Keywords: Problem-Solving, Problem Strategies, Teaching, Learning, Mathematics




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