Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Sciences

Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

Remember me or Register

DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Open Access  DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Subscription or Fee Access

An assessment of oil processing methods and technology in Taraba State, Nigeria

A Suleiman, C Ikpeme, H.N. Ene-Obong


Objective: The study assessed the various methods and technology of vegetable oil processing in Taraba State.

Methods: A total of 250 questionnaires were administered to vegetable oil processors with indepth interview of 28 respondents who were randomly selected based on a preliminary study in six (6) Local Government Areas in the State. Information obtained from the questionnaire were bio-data, oil bearing seeds materials, processing methods and technology, scale of operation, packaging and maintenance of the machine. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics.

Results: The study shows that oil processing was carried out in all the LGAs. About 73.92% of the processors were within the age range of 18 to 50 years,with females making up 46.58%. Majority of the respondents (82.7%) were micro oil processors while only 14.7% were small scale oil processors. Most (67.8%) of the microprocessor had no processing equipment of their own, but depended on custom millers for some unit operations. Jalingo LGA had the highest number of processors using 2- 3tonne/day imported screw presses which constitutes (2.9%) of the total processors in the State. The oil-bearing materials used in Taraba were groundnut (66.5%), palm fruits/palm kernel (27.8%). Oil was generally packaged in polyethylene (plastics) containers. Most processors were not knowledgeable about oil quality parameters and did not have any equipment for measuring oil quality.

Conclusion: Awareness creation and training are needed to improve production in the area of utilization of other oil bearing materials like sesame seeds, and soybeans, and roselle seeds.

Keywords: Technology assessment, Oil bearing materials and processing methods

AJOL African Journals Online