Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Sciences

Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

Remember me or Register

DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Open Access  DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Subscription or Fee Access

Prevalence and risk factors of obesity and high blood pressure among adult inhabitants of a military settlement in Nigeria

Dominica Chiemerem Opara, Uwemedimbuk Smart Ekanem, Christie Divine Akwaowo


Background: The prevalence of diet-related chronic diseases like hypertension and obesity among others has become a public health concern. Risk factors for these diseases have been well studied in high income countries but less studied in developing countries.

Objective: The study was to document the prevalence and risk factors of Obesity and high blood pressure among healthy adults in a military settlement in Ibagwa, Southern Nigeria. The study also sought to establish if the prevalence is low among soldiers, given the documented links between physically active lifestyle and a reduction in the risk of diet-related chronic diseases.

Methods: It was a cross sectional study, 422 subjects (228 males and 214 females) was selected by simple random sampling. Factors assessed included; height, weight, abdominal obesity, blood pressure and food intake pattern. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 17.0.

Results: The prevalence of obesity was (17.2%), overweight (35%), abdominal obesity (24.9%) and high blood pressure (47%). Age had a statistically significant (P<0.001) relationship with all the factors evaluated. Gender and occupation had statistically significant relationships with abdominal obesity and hypertension (P< 0.05). There was a relationship between levels of physical activity, unhealthy food intake, fruits and vegetable intake and self- reported health status respectively and obesity and hypertension, but it was not statistically significant (P> 0.05).

Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of obesity and high blood pressure, among both soldiers and civilians in this study. This may constitute a substantial risk of morbidity amongst study participants.

Keywords: Prevalence, risk factors, obesity, hypertension, military

AJOL African Journals Online