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Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics

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Case Report: Pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous cervical emphysema: unusual complications of childhood pneumonia

MM Okposio, MO Unior

Abstract


The occurrence of pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous cervical emphysema as complications of childhood pneumonia is very unusual. They results most often from respiratory manoeuvres that produce high intrathoracic pressure. Although they are largely benign, pneumomediastinum can cause compression of major blood vessels in the mediastinum resulting in life threatening complications. Therefore, adequate knowledge of these conditions and their proper management is very important for clinicians.

Keywords: Subcutaneous Cervical Emphysema, Pneumomediastinum , Childhood, Pneumonia




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/njp.v41i1.16
AJOL African Journals Online