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Nigerian Journal of Parasitology

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Prevalence and distribution of onchocerciasis in Ahani-Achi Community, Enugu State, Nigeria

A.U. Akujobi, C.N. Ukaga, C.C. Vincent, J.E. Obioma-Elemba, O.A. Akogu, G.E. Ejidike, D Ihekaire

Abstract


The periodic evaluation of onchocerciasis control programmes is paramount in order to ascertain the extent of realization of set goals. Therefore, the demographic pattern of infection in Ahani-Achi Community, Enugu State of Nigeria was investigated from March 2012 to April 2014. Three hundred and twenty-eight (328) participants aged 10->60 years were examined for O. volvulus infection using standard skin snip biopsy technique. Out of this number, 100 (30.49%) tested positive to O. volvulus parasitemia. Females (34.45%) were more infected than males (19.98%), although the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). The >60 years age-group was significantly (p<0.05) more infected in females (25.63%) than in males (10%) and farmers were significantly (p<0.05) more infected (40%) than other occupation groups. The study posits that intervention programmes in the area have been reasonably successful but efforts must be sustained towards a possible eradication of the disease.

Keywords: Prevalence; distribution; river blindness (onchocerciasis); Ahani-Achi




http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/njpar.v38i2.3
AJOL African Journals Online